With the increase of online learning the importance of verifying which student is sat in front of the screen, completing work, becomes a salient issue.
Scotland have issued iPads to over 100,000 students and there is no authentic way of assuring who is doing the work on the iPad. Whilst I am no fan of the use of biometrics with children this issue needs to be thought upon carefully as biometric tech could be considered to solve this conundrum.
Responses from councils in Scotland when asked under Freedom of Information about the how the authenticity of work, submitted via iPads, was checked were:
Teachers know the level to which their pupils are working and will discuss with their students if they have any doubt.
Teachers use their professional judgement to scrutinise all work undertaken by students, whether submitted electronically or on paper.
Pupils are encouraged to work collaboratively, learning from each other whilst understanding the consequences of plagiarism or submitting work which does not demonstrate their learning. This is all part of pupils understanding their responsibility as a digital citizen. We would also add that this is no different from other homework assignments.
The obvious glaring fact is that homework submitted on paper is far easier to spot authenticity rather than that of homework submitted electronically. I, and everyone of my generation, knows how hard it was to offer in homework done by someone else in the good old days of pen and paper homework submission.
But electronic learning has been around for a fair few years and with the current global health situation the advent of online learning, electronic work submission and the increase of screen use for education is truly upon us and the digital age of education seems to be working.
However, along with that, as one of the responses states above, pupils need to understand their responsibility as a "digital citizen" - fair enough. But does the Ed Tech industry and the Department of Education understand their responsibility as digital caretakers of the next generations digitised data, collected through the ever increasing online learning epidemic? I think a long hard stare at this is necessary.
Over on Defenddigitalme's website there are numerous instances of digital deep dives into not just children's educational prowess but how and what they are using their computer for. Flagged words, conversations had, search terms scrutinised, incorrect data logged against students, flawed analysis of work done - the latter being blindingly obvious with the inaccurate 'exam' results for student in July last year, affecting the university places and the potential career paths of thousands of students.
So whilst electronic learning will not take a step backwards, indeed it looks like increasing, there are many reasons why we must tread carefully into this new educational online world. Responsibility must be had by both parents, being vigilant of what data educational apps siphon, and the learning community/industry driving this screen-learning environment forward.
Many studies, too numerous to list here but easily found online, are showing that too much screen time for young brains is not good. One Harvard paper states:
"Much of what happens on screen provides “impoverished” stimulation of the developing brain compared to reality"
And this from the USA National Institutes for Health:
"Early data from a landmark National Institutes of Health (NIH) study that began in 2018 indicates that children who spent more than two hours a day on screen-time activities scored lower on language and thinking tests, and some children with more than seven hours a day of screen time experienced thinning of the brain’s cortex, the area of the brain related to critical thinking and reasoning."
However, for the vast majority of children, screens will be used and with that will come the data mining that goes along with it. And, I suspect, it will only be a matter of time before biometrics are used to verify who is at the device.
A desensitisation of the use of biometric data has happened over the past 2 decades with police forces (in the UK and abroad) widely using facial recognition, unwittingly on the population, without any parliamentary oversight, arguably tip toeing the line between whether the use is lawful or not.
However, in 2015 biometric facial scanning was introduced every 60 seconds to iPad learning in San Diego schools but a backlash on the grounds of privacy intrusion from parents scuppered the scheme. Whether that backlash would happen again in this day and age remains to be seen.