Facial Recognition

WORK IN PROGRESS....

Biometric facial recognition/scanning has been used in schools for a variety of reasons; to log late students, to identify persons unknown, to identify students and teachers for registration, to verify computer users, use in nurseries and to track facial expressions.

On this website where there term 'facial recognition' is used this means on a system a face identifies a person by name.  The system is recognised a face to be, say, John Smith.

When the term 'facial detection' is used, this may be a face that is recognised to another face or simply that a system has determined a face is there, no named identification.

The way either of these systems work is by distinguishing that a set of pixels, logged by a camera, is suggesting that there is a face present.  Quite what the biometric system does with that data then varies.

The facial recognition systems listed below have different functions, some to alert the school is there is an unknown face/person there, some to detect if there is a person on premises that is on a blacklist, some to access entrance, some for registration.  Each function has differing layers of privacy implications for students and the responsibility for the school administration/data controllers.  There is also a level of responsibility to be had by the suppliers of these systems.

Over the coming weeks we will endeavour to look at each system, assess it's performance, whether claims made about safety, time savings are held up.

This is a brand new technology and its emerging use must be transparent and there also must be a facility about consent and full disclosure about how students captured data is used now and in the future from such systems.

Here are the known instances of biometric facial systems that are being used, proposed to be used or discontinued in schools (excluding universities).  This list excludes China.

UK


2010 - not continued Christopher Hatton School, supplied by Aurora https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1317520/School-installs-9k-facial-recognition-cameras-stop-students-turning-late.html

USA

Texas

Texas City High School, Texas Independent School District https://www.wired.com/story/delicate-ethics-facial-recognition-schools/

Texas Fort Bend Independent School District https://communityimpact.com/houston/sugar-land-missouri-city/education/2019/03/05/new-security-initiatives-fort-bend-isd-campuses/

Oklahoma

Putham City Schools Oklahoma https://www.news9.com/story/40947710/putnam-city-schools-step-up-security-with-facial-recognition-software

New York

Lockport Schools New York https://www.lockportjournal.com/news/local_news/citizens-petition-lcsd-to-postpone-security-project/article_e8d547e1-0e3a-5a2e-81c3-5879422548c2.html on hold
https://www.biometricupdate.com/201909/facial-recognition-at-music-festivals-targeted-california-police-ban-softens-and-school-district-pauses

Seattle 

https://www.seattletimes.com/business/technology/as-facial-recognition-technology-grows-so-does-wariness-about-privacy/

St. Therese Catholic Academy in Seattle https://www.educationdive.com/news/does-facial-recognition-technology-make-schools-safer/547520/ https://www.edsurge.com/news/2019-01-31-with-safety-in-mind-schools-turn-to-facial-recognition-technology-but-at-what-cost

Wyoming

Wyoming Girls School, Sheridan https://www.wyomingbusinessreport.com/current_edition/could-schools-and-events-be-safr-with-facial-recognition/article_57047a5e-5bd5-11e9-91c0-a311b3dbebd2.html

Florida 

Broward County School District in Broward County, Florida, at 36 schoolshttps://www.usnews.com/news/education-news/articles/2019-01-07/broward-county-schools-to-install-facial-recognition-cameras

Arkansas 

Magnolia School District http://www.magnoliareporter.com/education/article_3734adf2-2693-11e8-bbc1-97d4c055b608.html

St Louis

St Mary's High school using facial rec since 2015 https://www.biometricupdate.com/201505/st-louis-school-deploys-facial-recognition-system-to-improve-security-ibia-case-study

Missouri

West Platte School District https://www.biometricupdate.com/201905/necs-facial-recognition-technology-to-authenticate-students-during-school-exams

Misc

school districts and universities in Texas, Florida, Massachusetts, and California https://venturebeat.com/2018/09/25/deepnorths-school-security-system-uses-ai-and-cameras-to-detect-threats/
https://www.biometricupdate.com/201810/startup-deep-north-launches-program-to-let-schools-test-facial-recognition-safety-system


AUSTRALIA

Victoria

To authenticate students in exams https://www.biometricupdate.com/201905/necs-facial-recognition-technology-to-authenticate-students-during-school-exams

Ballarat Clarendon College in Victoria
https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-7642411/Australian-schools-trial-facial-recognition-technology-attendance.html

Victoria Sacred Heart College’s Year 11 classes https://www.kidsnews.com.au/technology/australian-schools-begin-spying-trials-using-facial-recognition-technology/news-story/2d38f743af6309dd2f68f696c3ffedc1
https://www.biometricupdate.com/201808/australian-schools-testing-facial-recognition-for-attendance

https://twitter.com/9NewsAUS/status/1190528238402932737 video in 5 schools


SWEDEN


Facial recognition for monitoring attendance at Anderstorp Secondary School in Skellefte√• municipality https://www.webwire.com/ViewPressRel.asp?aId=234212
The project used RFID and facial recognition to log attendance for 8 weeks http://pages.tieto.com/rs/517-ITT-285/images/SummaryFutureClassroom.pdf
Swedish Data Protection Authority decision against the use of facial recognition - August 2019 https://www.datainspektionen.se/globalassets/dokument/beslut/facial-recognition-used-to-monitor-the-attendance-of-students.pdf

FRANCE

Les Eucalyptus High School, Nice
Ampère High School, Marselle
https://www.politico.eu/article/how-facial-recognition-is-taking-over-a-french-riviera-city/
October 2019 - Illegal to implement https://www.biometricupdate.com/201910/french-privacy-regulator-finds-facial-recognition-gates-in-schools-illegal


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